*Featured Products*

Bielefeld Intro.

Article Index

Bielefeld Notgeld

 

 

The name Bielefeld is derived from the old name bileveld, which means "hilly field".

The Bielefeld town savings bank (stadtsparkasse) issued many of its notgeld pieces on paper (as usual notgeld issues were) but pieces were also issued by them that were made of materials (stoffgeld) such as linen, silk, jute and velvet. Many of these issues had lace and embroidery edging which were quite elaborate. Surely, most collectors would keep these lovely pieces, rather than redeeming them at their face value, thought the town savings bank? (A bright idea the bank had come up with to boost their coffers!!).

The top note depicted here is made of a fine linen cloth and is of the value 1/2 a goldmark. The 2nd note depicted shows the reverse of the note, but has been taken from the paper issue. The last note shows the obverse of the 1Goldmark note. The reverse is similar to the half goldmark note but has the orange/yellow/purple colours. The child holding the turnip, is a reference to the many turnip fields that were in this area. The Bielefeld turnip fields had played an important role in feeding the population, especially in the hard winter months of the war. The date of issue for the notes was 24 November 1923. They have a redemption date on the reverse of 16-31.3.1924.

I currently have 8 different paper wertbestandiges pieces, 6 different fine linen wertbestandiges pieces, 8 different velvet pieces, 8 different jute/sacking material and 69 different linen and silk pieces, some with different edgings ..... .........all from Bielefeld. I have 143 different pieces in total issued in Bielefeld. My favourite pieces of Bielefeld stoffgeld though, are the silk/linen 100m pieces, of which I had over 100 different! (They are all sold now to another collector). They were issued for the 700 year 1221-1921 jubilee celebration of the city of Bielefeld on 15 July 1921. Bielefeld did not issue leather pieces.

If you see the letters 'P.RRUST.' on some of the notes, small hole-punched through the paper, it stands for the names of the 3 Bielefeld Buergermeisters, Paul PRiess, Wagner Horst RUscher & Rudolf STapenhorst. These pieces that are hole-punched/stamped would only be made of paper. I have never seen a material piece with the hole-punched name. This variation makes these types very collectable. If you can get a 'normal' paper example, a paper hole-punched/stamped piece and a stoffgeld piece in your collection, next to each other, they look superb! Below is a paper 10 millionen mark example with 'P.RRUST' stamped through it.....and alongside it, a piece made of linen showing the reverse side of the design/note.

 

PRRUST1Bielefeld10millionlinen

(Paul Priess was deputy mayor from 1911 until 1932, when he became mayor of Bielefeld until his death in 1935.

'Max' Ruscher was deputy mayor for finance until 1922/23.

Dr. Rudolf Stapenhorst was mayor of Bielefeld from 1910 until 1932. He left the office in the turmoils at the end of the Weimar Republic and died 1944 in a bombing raid).

info in parenthesis above, supplied by Bielefeld sparkasse archive

There is a book which shows some of these notes in colour entitled 'Das Geld der mageren Jahre', written by Guenter Gerke - (The currency of the meagre years). A couple of the illustrated embroidered pieces were made specifically for the town saving's bank director, Paul Hanke. (The following picture is believed to be a young Paul Hanke, but we do not know for sure........at the moment..........our research continues.....)!

PH1

 

Those very special pieces, were made for his own personal collection and as such, are fairly unique and very expensive when they come up for sale at auction!

 

myspecialpiece

 

Some of the graphics on the pieces issued by the Bielefeld Stadtsparkasse are very hard to deceipher. Often, to understand what the pictures are all about takes a lot of studying and research. The following 4 pieces are not too bad to identify. They have pictures that represent some of the bank's senior management: Heringshaus, Brueggemann, Horn & Hanke!! (Look at the 4 small picture/cartoons.......eg Hahn = cockerel, so you really get Hahnke for Hanke). 2 other names, that appear in 'hidden' text on the notgeld are also mentioned - Ruescher, the Bielefeld Buergermeister (Mayor) and Jockusch, who was the administration's legal advisor (lawyer).

 

Bielefeld4management

The following info and translations have been provided by GNCC member, John Adams:

 

Translations (obverse) of Bielefeld Verkehrsausgaben 1917-19

Red 25 Pfennig note (1st July 1917)

LEBENSMITTEL KOSTETEN IN

COST OF FOODSTUFFS IN

PARIS 1870 / 71

BIELEFELD 1917

PARIS 1870 / 71

BIELEFELD 1917

1 Pfd Pferdefl. 12 Fr.

1 Pfd Kartoffeln 8 Fr.

Eine Katze       18 Fr.

1 Hühnerei         3 Fr.

1 Pfd. Rindfl. 230 Pf.

1 Pfd. Kartoffeln 7 Pf.

1 Pfund Brot     25 Pf.

1 Hühnerei         28 Pf.

1 lb. horsemeat 12 francs

1 lb. potatoes 8 francs

A cat 18 francs

1 hen’s egg 3 francs

1 lb. beef          230 Pfennigs

1 lb. potatoes       7 Pfennigs

1 pound of bread 25 Pfennigs

1 hen’s egg         28 Pfennigs

The rhyme reads : Kriegsnotgeld ist dies Papier / bis 1920 ersten vier / Es nehmen an in grossen Massen / dies Geld auch alle städtischen Kassen (This paper is emergency war money / until the first of the fourth 1920 / This money will also be accepted in great amounts by all town cashiers)

Green 10 Pfennig note (1st April 1919)

AUSGABEN DER STADT BIELEFELD

Für Lebensmittel 50 Millionen Mark

Fleischwaren 21,5 Millionen Mark

Fettwaren 7,3 Millionen Mark

Kartoffeln 6,0 Millionen Mark

Allerlei Gemüse 4,0 Millionen Mark

Mehl und Dosenfrüchte* 7,0 Millionen Mark

Futter, Kleidung, Kohlen 4,0 Mill. M.

EXPENDITURE OF THE TOWN OF BIELEFELD

For foodstuffs 50 million Marks

Meat products 21.5 million Marks

Animal and vegetable fats 7.3 million marks

Potatoes 6.0 million Marks

Vegetables, all varieties 4.0 million marks

Flour and canned fruit 7.0 million Marks

Animal food, clothing, coal 4.0 million Marks

                                                

                                                    [*NB bottom right mis-spelling füchte]

The rhyme reads : Kriegsnotgeld ist dies Papier / bis 1920 ersten vier / Es nehmen an in grossen Massen / dies Geld auch alle städtischen Kassen (This paper is emergency war money / until the first of the fourth 1920 / This money will also be accepted in great amounts by all town cashiers)

                                                                

Purple 10 Pfennig note (1st April 1919)

DURCHSCHNITTSLOHN für Arbeiter

in BIELEFELD.    Akkord :      Zeitlohn :

  1. £ Mark 0,63 £ Mark 0,63
  2. £ Mark 1,73 £ Mark 1,27

Im Januar 1919 £ Mark 2,29 £ Mark 1,91

Steigerung …..      263 Proz. £ 202 Proz.

           AVERAGE WAGE for workers

in BIELEFELD.  Piece rate :     Hourly rate :

1st October 1914 £ 0.63 Mark   £ 0.63 Mark

1st October 1918 £ 1.73 Mark   £ 1.27 Mark

In January 1919 £ 2.29 Mark   £ 1.91 Mark

Increase …..         263 percent £ 202 percent

The rhyme reads : Kriegsnotgeld ist dies Papier / bis 1921 ersten vier / Es nehmen an in grossen Massen / dies Geld auch alle städtischen Kassen (This paper is emergency war money / until the first of the fourth 1921 / This money will also be accepted in great amounts by all town cashiers)

Orange 25 Pfennig note (1st April 1919)

Löhne i. Preußisch. ££££ Heer ££££

1914 jährlich Mark

Gemeiner       252

Unteroffizier   576

Sergeant         792

Vizefeldwebel 900

Feldwebel     1224

Löhne in der Reichs-

££££ wehr £££££

1919 jährlich Mark

Gemeiner       1080

Unteroffizier   1764

Sergeant         1998

Vizefeldwebel 2088

Feldwebel       2340

     Wages in Prussian  

       ££££ Army ££££

1914 per annum in Marks

Private                     252

Corporal                       576

Sergeant                     792

Colour Sergeant        900

Sergeant Major       1224

   Wages in the Reichs-

     ££££ wehr £££££

1919 per annum in Marks

Private                      1080

Corporal                    1764

Sergeant                   1998

Colour Sergeant     2088

Sergeant Major         2340

Außerdem die Kleidung, Beköstigung

£££££££ und Wohnung £££££££

In addition clothing, board

£££££££ and housing £££££££

The rhyme reads : Kriegsnotgeld ist dies Papier / bis 1921 ersten vier / Es nehmen an in grossen Massen / dies Geld auch alle städtischen Kassen (This paper is emergency war money / until the first of the fourth 1921 / This money will also be accepted in great amounts by all town cashiers)

Latest Products

30,00 € Pitschen (German/Polish) 10pf
1 item in stock
3,00 € Pless (German/Polish) 10pf
1 item in stock
30,00 € Schoenecken-Wetteldorf 2
1 item in stock
5,00 € Speicher 2
1 item in stock
40,00 € Thale 25pf (scarce)
1 item in stock
15,00 € Immenstadt 50m
1 item in stock
35,00 € Posen - set of 3
1 item in stock
15,00 € Hungary 20 filler
1 item in stock
20,00 € Gaggenau, Gernsbach, Forbach 20m
1 item in stock
20,00 € Thale (ersatznotgeld) x 2
1 item in stock
5,00 € Speicher i. Eifel x 2
1 item in stock
20,00 € Speicher i. Eifel x 6
1 item in stock
10,00 € Westerland - verein der krieger 1m
1 item in stock
15,00 € Bockswiese-Hanenklee 6
1 item in stock
7,50 € Aschaffenburg set of 2
1 item in stock
75,00 € Lautawerk -20m foil piece!
1 item in stock
30,00 € Weimar - 3 x private 'AOK'
1 item in stock
15,00 € Auma - 4 x small pieces
1 item in stock